Mark arrives late at school and Mama says, “Come on, there’s no time to play.” It takes a long time to eat the vegetable puree and Dad asks, “How long are you going to be playing with the spoon?” Your aunt will come from far away over the weekend and they explain, “It’s been a long time since she saw you.”
Until the age of seven, Mark probably will not understand the concept of time well, but since he was three years old we can help him so that it is not a concept totally alien to him.
It costs them because it’s abstract
If we try to teach a child of three years the notion of time, we will see how much it costs him to understand it. It is normal, it is what happens when you live only a verbal time, the present.
Thus, although it is still too early to make them understand past and future, you can help us bring them closer, That the first component of temporal perception is order (morning, afternoon and evening, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, before, during and after), the second is the duration (one day, one half hour, one week, one month …).
When and how are they learning it?
The idea of time in your mind is evolving until you get to understand it completely,
From 0 to 2 years
Temporal perception is an affective or subjective phenomenon associated with the child’s physiological needs. They realize that the morning is different from the afternoon and night in reference to their needs, sleep and hunger.
From 3 to 4 years
Begin to understand the notions of speed (slow, fast). They also begin to understand the first classifications of order and succession of events, we get up, we wash our hands, we have breakfast, we dress, and we go to the street…
5 and 6 years
Begin to distinguish the before the after and also tomorrow of yesterday, although they can still confuse both words and use them with the opposite sense.
From 7 years
Already fully understand phrases such as “next week we go hiking” or “a month ago we do not see the guys.” They have acquired the notion of temporality by incorporating it into their language with naturalness.