Sure your children may ask you questions wich the typical why and sure that sometimes you have felt difficult to answer them. Do not worry! It is normal! Just do not cross your arms and try to help them understand the world and develop a critical and autonomous thinking not only by giving them answers but also by asking them questions. How? One option is philosophy.
Our goal should not be to cover big concepts or theories, but to teach children that there are issues in which there is no right or wrong answer. What is important are the skills they learn during this process, such as the ability to argue, tolerance towards other opinions, the adoption of a critical position, and most importantly, the ability to form a critical opinion without being influenced by others
Surely at this point of the article you’re wondering how to achieve that goal. If you keep reading, we’ll tell you. There are a few ways to start the smallest in the world of philosophy from the sofa of our homes and let them question everything and rethink the world in a different way reflecting on some issues that still have no answer on the part of humanity.
Reading, your best ally establishing the habit of reading is very important, even in those children who have not yet learned to read, since we can do it with them. Children’s stories tend to present simple conflicts between the characters that we can analyze with the children and take the opportunity to ask them what they think about them.
Keep your curiosity alive not only should we be the ones who receive the questions, but we should also be the ones who formulate them to keep their interest in knowledge awake. For this, it is best to opt for open questions, instead of closed questions that can be answered with a monosyllable.
Encourage him to give his opinion, and, above all, let him know that his opinions are important. Also, exposing your opinions will help you organize your thoughts and allow you to build a story in an orderly manner. It is also important to teach them to respect the opinions of others, which is the basis of values such as tolerance and respect.
Encourages dialogue and debate, we should not confuse the debate with the discussion. Our goal must be that the child is accustomed not only to give their opinions in a reasoned way, so expose them correctly (in tone and structure). Depending on the age we can raise issues of greater or lesser difficulty. In this way, we will help generate processes of active listening and group construction of knowledge, through participation and dialogue around the selected theme.
Extracurricular activities for future philosophers generally, this type of activities are proposed in groups so that children can dialogue and share experiences and opinions. One example is the theater classes, since they invite the child to put themselves in the shoes of another person and reflect on their conflicts.