During early childhood, children spend most of their time sleeping. Up to two years they spend about 9,500 hours sleeping (13 months) and 8,000 awake. Like adults, each child has its own rhythm and sleep needs.
Between two and five years old, children are half awake and half asleep. During the rest of childhood, and until adolescence, the dream occupies 40% of the day. It is essential that children sleep at least 10 hours every night in their first years of life.
Influences The School
A study conducted that analyzes 1,492 families with children from 0 to 6 years of age, relates the time children sleep with their ability to learn, the appearance or not of hyperactive behavior and language development.
Children who lose hours of sleep chronically have worse school performance when they start the Primary stage and slower language development.
This occurs because when a child sleeps fewer hours than he needs, a part of REM sleep is being lost. This phase of the dream is very important for the child to record in his memory what he has learned during the day and for his brain to recover and be more predisposed to learn new things. Therefore, it is essential that children sleep at least 10 hours each night during the first years of life.
Hours They Need According To Their Age
The newborn sleeps between 4 and 5 pm, 9 hours at night and the rest for the day. Over time the hours of sleep are reduced. At three months, the baby needs to rest 15 hours and at the end of one year 13 or 14, 11 hours at night and 3 hours per day.
From 1 to 3 years. Each child should sleep between 10 and 13 hours a day. In Between the second and the third year, most children abandon their nap.
Between 4 and 5 years. Sleep from 10 to 12 hours at night. They do not need a nap anymore, but it’s good to rest for a little while after lunch.
From 6 to 13 years old. Sleep needs decrease by one hour each year, and can be compared to the needs of adults. Between 6 and 8 years, the child needs 11 to 12 hours of sleep, and with 10-13 years, about 10 hours.
From 14 to 17 years old. The sleep range increases by one hour, reaching 10 hours, but a rest of 7 or 8 hours could be enough
To sleep well, the ideal is that we inculcate small rigid routines, such as shower-dinner-story. The Academy of Pediatrics of E.E.U.U. recommends to stop using electronic devices, whether mobile phones or televisions, half an hour before going to sleep, as it does not let its use rest.